İstanbul Havali̇mani Gümrük Müdürlüğ. Tel: 90 45 Montag - Freitag: - Details · İstanbul Havali̇mani Yolcu Salonu Gm. Tel: 90 İstanbul. Nummer der Provinz: Istanbul in regaloperfumes.com Über dieses Bild. Landkreise. Map of the Districts of regaloperfumes.com Basisdaten. Koordinaten: 41° 0′ N. ll▷ Sie suchen die Vorwahl für Istanbul? ⌕ Jetzt finden ☎ Das Telefonbuch ✓ Ihre Nr. 1 für Telefonnummern und mehr.
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Istanbul Nummer Verzeichnisse und Telefonauskunft Türkei VideoIstanbul City in 4K
Die Provinz ist von alters her ein bedeutendes Handelszentrum und heute eines der wichtigsten Industriegebiete der Türkei. Giresun Giresun. Lucius Licinius Lucullus brachte ca.
Hakkari kurdisch Colemerg liegt im gebirgigen südöstlichsten Punkt der Türkei und grenzt an den Iran und an den Irak. Es gibt mindestens 30 Berge, die über 3.
Der Name Hakkari taucht zum ersten Mal im Jahrhundert bei dem arabischen Historiker und Geographen İn Havsal auf, der sagte, dass der Name von Her-kariyan abstammt.
Hatay Antakya. Das Gebiet von Hatay, bis Ende der er Jahre im Westen Sandschak Alexandrette genannt, bildet heute den südlichsten Teil der Türkei und liegt im nordwestlichen Grenzgebiet zu Syrien.
Die Hauptstadt Antakya ist das frühere Antiochia. Isparta Isparta. Mersin Mersin. İstanbul İstanbul. İzmir İzmir. Die Stadt war früher auch unter dem griechischen Namen Smyrna bekannt neugr.
Kars Kars. Kars gehörte mehrere Jahrzehnte zum armenischen Königreich. Als sich die zaristischen Truppen wegen der Oktoberrevolution zurückzogen, hatte sich der russische Distrikt Kars für unabhängig erklärt.
Sie nannte sich Regierung der Republik Südwestkaukasiens. Dieser Staat überlebte nur 9 Monate und wurde nur seitens des Japanischen Kaiserreichs anerkannt.
Kastamonu Kastamonu. Kastamonu Castamuni, byzantinisch Kastumbul ist eine Stadt in der gleichnamigen Provinz. Die Gegend ist bekannt für ihre Folklore, ihren Tabak und für Holzmöbel.
Kayseri Kayseri. Die Hauptstadt Kayseri früher Mazaka und danach Caesarea liegt 1. Das Archäologische Institut der Universität İstanbul gräbt seit gemeinsam mit dem Deutschen Archäologischen Institut zwei vorgeschichtliche Siedlungen aus.
Nachdem die Stadt vom oströmischen Kaiser Justinian I. Kocaeli İzmit. Die Provinzhauptstadt İzmit ist hochindustralisiert und hat pro Kopf das höchste Bruttosozialprodukt in der Türkei.
Die heilige Barbara lebte im 3. Jahrhundert in Nikomedia. Konya Konya. Kütahya Kütahya. Bekannt ist Kütahya für farbenprächtig verzierte Keramik.
Malatya Malatya. Die sehr frühe Besiedlung von Malatya zeigt sich an der spätjungsteinzeitlichen Stadt Arslantepe.
Arslantepe ist das Melid der Hethiter. Mit einem Anruf über das Telefonbuch Türkei bekommt man evtl. Aber auch Anbieter geführter Touren oder Autoverleiher findet man im Branchenbuch Türkei, wenn dies von Nöten ist.
Istanbul türkisch İstanbul ist eine türkische Provinz im Nordwesten des Landes, mit der Hauptstadt Istanbul. Ihre Fläche beträgt 5.
Die offizielle Bevölkerungszahl der Provinz Istanbul betrug laut Volkszählung des Jahres Diplomatisches Korps.
Konsularisches Korps. Fahrzeuge des Präsidenten. With the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality and Istanbul Province having equivalent jurisdictions, few responsibilities remain for the provincial government.
Similar to the MMI, the Istanbul Special Provincial Administration has a governor, a democratically elected decision-making body—the Provincial Parliament—and an appointed Executive Committee.
Mirroring the executive committee at the municipal level, the Provincial Executive Committee includes a secretary-general and leaders of departments that advise the Provincial Parliament.
Throughout most of its history, Istanbul has ranked among the largest cities in the world. By CE, Constantinople had somewhere between , and , people, edging out its predecessor, Rome, for the world's largest city.
It never returned to being the world's largest, but remained the largest city in Europe from to , when it was surpassed by London.
The Turkish Statistical Institute estimates that the population of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality was 15,, at the end of , hosting 19 percent of the country's population.
Istanbul ranks as the seventh-largest city proper in the world, and the second-largest urban agglomeration in Europe, after Moscow. The high population growth mirrors an urbanization trend across the country, as the second and third fastest-growing OECD metropolises are the Turkish cities of Izmir and Ankara.
Istanbul experienced especially rapid growth during the second half of the 20th century, with its population increasing tenfold between and Istanbul's foreign population with a residence permit increased dramatically, from 43, in  to , in Istanbul has been a cosmopolitan city throughout much of its history, but it has become more homogenized since the end of the Ottoman era.
Although the Kurdish presence in the city dates back to the early Ottoman period,  the majority of Kurds in the city originate from villages in eastern and southeastern Turkey.
Greeks and Armenians form the largest Christian population in the city. While Istanbul's Greek population was exempted from the population exchange with Greece, changes in tax status and the anti-Greek pogrom prompted thousands to leave.
Sephardic Jews settled in the city after their expulsion from Spain and Portugal in and Politically, Istanbul is seen as the most important administrative region in Turkey.
More recently, Istanbul and many of Turkey's metropolitan cities are following a trend away from the government and their right-wing ideology. In and , large-scale anti-AKP government protests began in İstanbul and spread throughout the nation.
The first government defeat in Istanbul occurred in the constitutional referendum , where Istanbul voted 'No' by The AKP government had supported a 'Yes' vote and won the vote nationally due to high support in rural parts of the country.
Similar trends and electoral successes for the opposition were also replicated in Ankara , Izmir , Antalya , Mersin , Adana and other metropolitan areas of Turkey.
Administratively, Istanbul is divided into 39 districts, more than any other province in Turkey. As a province, Istanbul sends 98 Members of Parliament to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey , which has a total of seats.
For the purpose of parliamentary elections, Istanbul is divided into three electoral districts ; two on the European side and one on the Asian side , electing 28, 35 and 35 MPs respectively.
Istanbul had the eleventh-largest economy among the world's urban areas in , and is responsible for 30 percent of Turkey's industrial output,  31 percent of GDP,  and 47 percent of tax revenues.
Istanbul, which straddles the Bosporus strait, houses international ports that link Europe and Asia. Istanbul has been an international banking hub since the s,  and is home to the only stock exchange in Turkey.
Borsa Istanbul was originally established as the Ottoman Stock Exchange in Istanbul was historically known as a cultural hub, but its cultural scene stagnated after the Turkish Republic shifted its focus toward Ankara.
By the end of the 19th century, Istanbul had established itself as a regional artistic center, with Turkish, European, and Middle Eastern artists flocking to the city.
Despite efforts to make Ankara Turkey's cultural heart, Istanbul had the country's primary institution of art until the s. Coinciding with this cultural reemergence was the establishment of the Istanbul Festival, which began showcasing a variety of art from Turkey and around the world in From this flagship festival came the International Istanbul Film Festival and the Istanbul International Jazz Festival in the early s.
With its focus now solely on music and dance, the Istanbul Festival has been known as the Istanbul International Music Festival since Istanbul has numerous shopping centers , from the historic to the modern.
The Grand Bazaar , in operation since , is among the world's oldest and largest covered markets. Galleria Ataköy ushered in the age of modern shopping malls in Turkey when it opened in Akmerkez was awarded the titles of "Europe's best" and "World's best" shopping mall by the International Council of Shopping Centers in and ; Istanbul Cevahir has been one of the continent's largest since opening in ; Kanyon won the Cityscape Architectural Review Award in the Commercial Built category in Istanbul is known for its historic seafood restaurants.
Because of their restaurants, historic summer mansions, and tranquil, car-free streets, the Prince Islands are a popular vacation destination among Istanbulites and foreign tourists.
Following the influx of immigrants from southeastern and eastern Turkey, which began in the s, the foodscape of the city has drastically changed by the end of the century; with influences of Middle Eastern cuisine such as kebab taking an important place in the food scene.
Istanbul has active nightlife and historic taverns , a signature characteristic of the city for centuries if not millennia. Istanbul is home to some of Turkey's oldest sports clubs.
Many of Istanbul's sports facilities have been built or upgraded since to bolster the city's bids for the Summer Olympic Games. Atatürk Olympic Stadium , the largest multi-purpose stadium in Turkey, was completed in as an IAAF first-class venue for track and field.
All four stadiums are elite Category 4 formerly five-star UEFA stadiums. The Sinan Erdem Dome , among the largest indoor arenas in Europe, hosted the final of the FIBA World Championship , the IAAF World Indoor Championships , as well as the —12 Euroleague and —17 EuroLeague Final Fours.
Between and , Istanbul Park racing circuit hosted the annual Formula One Turkish Grand Prix. Istanbul was occasionally a venue of the F1 Powerboat World Championship , with the last race on the Bosphorus strait on 12—13 August Most state-run radio and television stations are based in Ankara, but Istanbul is the primary hub of Turkish media.
The industry has its roots in the former Ottoman capital, where the first Turkish newspaper, Takvim-i Vekayi Calendar of Affairs , was published in Istanbul now has a wide variety of periodicals.
Most nationwide newspapers are based in Istanbul, with simultaneous Ankara and İzmir editions. Several smaller newspapers, including popular publications like Cumhuriyet , Milliyet and Habertürk are also based in Istanbul.
Radio broadcasts in Istanbul date back to , when Turkey's first radio transmission came from atop the Central Post Office in Eminönü.
Control of this transmission, and other radio stations established in the following decades, ultimately came under the state-run Turkish Radio and Television Corporation TRT , which held a monopoly on radio and television broadcasts between its founding in and Offering a range of content from educational programming to coverage of sporting events, Radio 2 is the most popular radio station in Turkey.
Among Turkey's first private stations, and the first featuring foreign popular music, was Istanbul's Metro FM The state-run Radio 3 , although based in Ankara, also features English-language popular music, and English-language news programming is provided on NTV Radyo TRT-Children is the only TRT television station based in Istanbul.
Istanbul-based Star TV was the first private television network to be established following the end of the TRT monopoly; Star TV and Show TV also based in Istanbul remain highly popular throughout the country, airing Turkish and American series.
The BBC has a regional office in Istanbul, assisting its Turkish-language news operations, and the American news channel CNN established the Turkish-language CNN Türk there in Galatasaray High School was established in and is the oldest public high school in Turkey.
Some of the most renowned and highly ranked universities in Turkey are in Istanbul. Istanbul University , the nation's oldest institute of higher education, dates back to and its dental, law, medical schools were founded in the nineteenth century.
Istanbul has more than 93 colleges and universities,  with , students  enrolled in Istanbul is also home to several conservatories and art schools, including Mimar Sinan Academy of Fine Arts , founded in Istanbul's first water supply systems date back to the city's early history, when aqueducts such as the Valens Aqueduct deposited the water in the city's numerous cisterns.
The Ottoman Ministry of Post and Telegraph was established in and the first post office, the Imperial Post Office, opened near the courtyard of Yeni Mosque.
By , the first international mailing network between Istanbul and the lands beyond the Ottoman Empire had been established. In , Istanbul had hospitals , of which were private.
Their prevalence has increased significantly over the last decade, as the percentage of outpatients using private hospitals increased from 6 percent to 23 percent between and The high quality of healthcare, especially in private hospitals, has contributed to a recent upsurge in medical tourism to Turkey with a 40 percent increase between and Istanbul's motorways network are the O-1 , O-2 , O-3 , O-4 and O By the end of , the total length of Istanbul Province's toll motorways network otoyollar is km and highways network devlet yollari is km, totaling km of expressway roads minimum 2x2 lanes , excluding secondary roads and urban streets.
The O-1 forms the city's inner ring road , traversing the 15 July Martyrs First Bosphorus Bridge , and the O-2 is the city's outer ring road, crossing the Fatih Sultan Mehmet Second Bosphorus Bridge.
The O-2 continues west to Edirne and the O-4 continues east to Ankara. The O-2, O-3, and O-4 are part of European route E80 the Trans-European Motorway between Portugal and the Iran—Turkey border.
The completed section of highway crosses the Bosphorus Strait via the Yavuz Sultan Selim Third Bosphorus Bridge , entered service on 26 August Environmentalist groups worry that the third bridge will endanger the remaining green areas to the north of Istanbul.
Istanbul's local public transportation system is a network of commuter trains , trams , funiculars , metro lines, buses, bus rapid transit , and ferries.
Fares across modes are integrated, using the contactless Istanbulkart , introduced in , or the older Akbil electronic ticket device.
The Istanbul Metro comprises five lines the M1 , M2 , M3 and M6 on the European side, and the M4 and M5 on the Asian side with several other lines the M7 , M8 , M9 and M11 and extensions under construction.
Marmaray rail line has International rail service from Istanbul launched in , with a line between Bucharest and Istanbul's Sirkeci Terminal , which ultimately became famous as the eastern terminus of the Orient Express from Paris.
Istanbul's main bus station is the largest in Europe, with a daily capacity of 15, buses and , passengers , serving destinations as distant as Frankfurt.
Istanbul had three large international airports, two of which are currently in active service for commercial passenger flights.
The largest is the new Istanbul Airport , opened in in the Arnavutköy district to the northwest of the city center, on the European side, near the Black Sea coast.
All scheduled commercial passenger flights were transferred from Istanbul Atatürk Airport to Istanbul Airport on 6 April , following the closure of Istanbul Atatürk Airport for scheduled passenger flights.
After its closure to commercial flights in , it was briefly used by cargo aircraft and the official state aircraft owned by the Turkish government, until the demolition of its runway began in It handled Dominated by low-cost carriers , Istanbul's second airport has rapidly become popular, especially since the opening of a new international terminal in ;  the airport handled Air pollution in Turkey is acute in İstanbul with cars, buses and taxis causing frequent urban smog ,  as it is one of the few European cities without a low-emission zone.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Largest city in Turkey. For other uses, see Istanbul disambiguation. Megacity in Marmara, Turkey.
Clockwise from top: the Golden Horn between Karaköy and Sarayburnu within the historic areas ; Maiden's Tower ; a nostalgic tram on İstiklal Avenue ; Levent business district; Galata Tower ; Ortaköy Mosque in front of the Bosphorus Bridge ; and Hagia Sophia.
UNESCO World Heritage Site. Main article: Names of Istanbul. Main article: History of Istanbul. See also: Timeline of Istanbul history. Main article: Constantinople.
Two aerial photos showing the Golden Horn and the Bosphorus, taken from a German zeppelin on 19 March Further information: Geography of Turkey and Geology of Turkey.
See also: Historic Areas of Istanbul and List of urban centers in Istanbul. See also: Architecture of Istanbul , Ottoman architecture , and Architecture of Turkey.
Main articles: List of districts of Istanbul and List of neighbourhoods of Istanbul. Main article: Demographics of Istanbul.
See also: Demographics of Turkey. Main article: Religion in Istanbul. See also: Assyrians in Turkey , Kurds in Turkey , Bosniaks in Turkey , Greeks in Turkey , Armenians in Turkey , Jews in Turkey , and Albanians in Turkey.
Main article: Economy of Istanbul. Main article: Culture of Istanbul. See also: List of sport facilities in Istanbul. Atatürk Olympic Stadium 2.
Türk Telekom Stadium 3. Vodafone Park. Further information: Education in Turkey. Main article: Utilities in Istanbul.
Further information: Telecommunications in Turkey and Health care in Turkey. Main article: Public transport in Istanbul. The suspension bridges on the Bosphorus strait.
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